Marla Kessler joined our board of directors in April 2019. Ms. Kessler has been chief customer officer of Aetion, Inc., or Aetion, a health care technology company, since September 2021. Prior to joining Aetion, Ms. Kessler served as an advisor to the chief executive officer of IQVIA Holdings Inc., or IQVIA (formerly IMS Health and Quintiles), a global analytics and technology company, from October 2020 to February 2021. Prior to that, Ms. Kessler had been the senior vice president for strategy, marketing and communications for IQVIA since October 2016. Previously, Ms. Kessler served in various roles for IQVIA, including vice president for global services marketing and knowledge management from 2013 to September 2016, regional leader of the IMS Consulting Group in Europe from 2011 to 2013, location manager for the London IMS Consulting Group from 2009 to 2011 and senior principal from 2008 to 2009. Before joining IQVIA, Ms. Kessler led several marketing efforts for Pfizer Inc. from 2004 to 2007 and worked in consulting for McKinsey & Company from 1996 to 2004. Ms. Kessler received a B.S. in economics from Arizona State University and an M.B.A. from the Fuqua School of Business at Duke University.