John Minardo joined Ironwood in 2021 and brings more than 20 years of legal experience within the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. Prior to joining Ironwood, Mr. Minardo was with Seqirus, where he was vice president, general counsel and member of the Seqirus executive leadership team, leading a global legal team overseeing activities including business transactions, regulatory matters, corporate governance and intellectual property from November 2015 to July 2021. Prior to Seqirus, Mr. Minardo was with Novartis in increasing roles of responsibility from October 2007 to November 2015, ultimately serving as vice president, general counsel and chief compliance officer at Novartis Influenza Vaccines. Mr. Minardo started his legal career as a litigator at Kaye Scholer LLP in New York City. A member of the New York and New Jersey State Bar Associations and the U.S. District Courts for the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, Mr. Minardo received a Juris Doctor degree from Brooklyn Law School and his B.A. in political science from Boston College, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude. He is a board member for the New York Center for Interpersonal Development.